Dr. in Surat
Gastrointestinal surgery is used to treat digestive-related conditions. For example, the rectum is part of the digestive system, as is the oesophagus (pronounced “ee-sof-gus” with a “ee-sof-gus” sound). There is also a pancreas and liver in this organ group.Any growth or damaged organ in the body, including the gut, may be removed surgically. Repairing a hernia may also be done using it (a hole or weak spot in the wall of the abdomen). The digestive tract may be screened and diagnosed with minor surgical procedures.
The following problems of the digestive system may be addressed surgically:
- Appendicitis. Appendicitis may lead to the need for surgical removal of the appendix (appendectomy),
- More specifically, gastrointestinal malignancies such as colon cancer.
- Removing malignant tumours and
- cancer-affected sections of the digestive system need surgery.
In certain cases, a tumour and cancerous tissue from the pancreas, liver, or intestine are all removed by the surgeon, Disease of the diverticulum. There is a little pouch or pocket in the colon called a diverticulum (large intestine). These are still a mystery to scientists. When they become inflamed, they might cause discomfort (diverticulitis). In many cases, surgery is not required to treat this condition.
Surgical removal of portion of the intestine may be recommended if the patient has several, often irritated diverticula, Disease of the gallbladder. The gallbladder may be removed if there is an issue with the gallbladder, such as gallstones.
It is also known as a cholecystectomy if the gallbladder is surgically removed (koh-luh-si-stek-tuh-mee), Chronic GERD and hernias in the oesophagus. Acid reflux, often known as GERD, is a condition in which stomach acid leaks back into the oesophagus, resulting in heartburn.
A hiatal hernia may be the source of the problem. When the diaphragm, the muscle that divides the chest from the belly, is pushed through by the stomach, this occurs. There is a procedure called fundoplication that may be performed by a surgeon to correct the problem.
There is a chance that a hernia may be present, therefore the surgeon will first repair it, and then re-wrap the stomach over the esophageal sphincter to reinforce it and keep acid out, Hernia. There are times when parts of the body (such as intestines) emerge through holes or weak spots in the wall of muscle or connective tissue that is designed to protect them. A hernia occurs when this occurs (like the abdomen). A bulge may be felt beneath the skin that isn’t meant to be there, despite the fact that it isn’t visible.
Additionally, it’s painful. The weak area or hole may be repaired by a gastroenterologist, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are both examples of inflammatory bowel disease. Because of the immune system’s assaults on the digestive tract, sufferers with IBD experience severe discomfort and swelling. Damage to the gut may occur as a result of this.
Occasionally, the damaged pieces are removed and the healthy ones are re-attached. Surgery to remove part of the colon is known as bowel resection, Prolapse of the rectus abdominis. Rectal prolapse, a disorder in which a portion
- of the intestine passes through the anus,
- is treated surgically,
- Weight reduction.
Various bariatric procedures (such as gastric bypass) may be used to treat obesity. Specialists in bariatric surgery often perform this procedure. Endoscopy is a surgical treatment used to screen and diagnose digestive system issues.
- To perform the procedure,
- the doctor inserts a long,
- thin tube into the patient’s body and attaches a small camera to it.
The scope is passed via the oesophagus if the issue is with the stomach or oesophagus. The doctor inserts a scope via the anus into the gut to inspect for signs of colon cancer or other issues.
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